DECIDUOUS TREES
INTRODUCTION

MAPLES
Red Maple
Norway Maple
Hedge Maple

GUM TREES
Black Gum
Sweet Gum

BIRCH

Paper Birch

White Birch

River Birch

 

BEECH

European Beech

Columnar Beech

 

MISCELLANEOUS
Yellowwood
Sourwood
Chinese Elm

Weeping Willow

Lombardy Poplar

Bald Cypress

Pin Oak

Poplar Hybrid

Green Ash

Hackberry

Osage Orange

Black Locust

Yellow Poplar

 

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Black Gum - shpd.bareroot - 1-2' - Nyssa sylvatica


INTRODUCTION

The following is a list of deciduous trees that are able to be grown in USDA Hardiness Zone 5 (McLean County is located in Hardiness Zone 5a). This list is by no means comprehensive of all the trees capable of growing in Zone 5, but it does strive to provide a general overview of the various types of trees that can prosper in this zone.

MAPLES

Red Maple (Acer rubrum) - The red maple comes in several varieties that vary mainly in height and  necessary growing conditions. Every red maple features the characteristic red leaves in the fall.

Bowhall Maple (Acer rubrum 'Bowhall') 

Height 50
Foliage Crimson Red
Sun Moderate
Water Moderate
Soil Acidic
Zones - 4 through 9
Cost - $20.00 - 8
           $55.00 2 B&B
 

Northfire Red Maple (Acer rubrum 'Olson')

Height 70
Foliage Crimson Red
Sun Excessive
Water Average
Soil Loam
Zones - 3 through 8

Norway Maple (Acer platanoides) - This is an excellent tree for almost any area, as it is capable of growing in many soil types and is resistant to pollution and hot and dry conditions.

Height 30
Foliage Yellow
Sun Moderate
Water Moderate
Soil Loam
Zones - 3 through 7
Cost - $105 2 B&B
 

Hedge Maple (Acer campestre) - This smaller tree also grows in almost any condition.

Height 30
Foliage Green
Sun Moderate
Water Excessive
Soil Alkaline
Zones - 4 through 8

Cost $45.00 8

           $70.00 2 B&B

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GUM TREES

Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica) - Also known as the Sour Gum or the Black Tupelo, this tree has a pyramidal shape that changes into an oval shape as it matures. It is best known for its bright red leaves in the autumn, which contrast nicely with its black bark.

Height- 25

Foliage- reddish-black (inconspicuous flower)

Sun- moderate

Water- moderate

Soil- acidic

Zones- 3 through 9

Cost- 8 tall -$25

          9 to 13 tall -$40

Sweet Gum (Liquidamber Styraciflua) - This tree features star shaped leaves and a pyramidal shape that broadens as it ages.

Height- 70

Foliage- Yellow, Orange, Purple

Sun- Moderate

Water- Average

Soil- Acidic

Zones- 5 through 9

Cost- 8' - $20.00

 

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BIRCH

Paper Birch (Betula papyrifera) - This tree has many everyday uses.  Among other things, this tree is used to make ice cream or popsicle sticks.  This tree is also fairly fast growing.

 

Height- 50 to 70

Foliage- dark green

Sun- full sun

Water- moderate to high

Soil- acidic, sandy or silty

Zones- 2 through 6

Cost- 1-25 seedlings- $1.50 each

                                         26-29 seedlings- $.95 each

 

European White Birch (Betula pendula)

Height- 40 to 50

Foliage- dark green

Sun- moderate

Water- moderate

Soil- sandy or loamy

Zones- 2 through 6

Cost- 38 tall -$14.95

          20 tall -$9.95

 

 

 

River Birch (Betula nigra) - This tree has a creamy whit bark that begins to peel within the first few years.  This provides for a beautiful look.  The tree also provides a light shade and some privacy.

 

Height- 40 to 50

Foliage- Medium to dark green

Sun- Full or partial

Water- Moderate to fairly dry

Soil- Acidic

Zones- 4 through 9

Cost- 8 ft. tall -$20

          13 to 15 tall -$50 (B&B)

 

 

 

 

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BEECH

European Beech (Fagus sylvatica) - This tree is excellent for provinding dense shade and is easily transplanted because of its shallow roots.

Height 60
Foliage Bronze, Purple, Red
Sun Moderate
Water Moderate
Soil Acidic
Zones - 4 through 7
Cost - $224.99 - 25 gal.

 

Columnar Beech (Fagus sylvatica "Fastigata")

 

Height 70
Foliage Green
Sun Moderate
Water Moderate
Soil Acidic
Zones - 4 through 7
Cost - $224.99 - 25 gal.

 

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MISCELLANEOUS

Yellowwood (Cladrastis lutea) - This tree requires more maintenance than most, with  pruning required to control the shape of yellowwood's large spread. Owners are rewarded though by the beautiful white flowers the tree produces every 2 to 3 years

Height 50
Foliage Yellow and Gold
Sun Full sun to light shade
Water Full Sun
Soil Alkaline
Zones - 4 through 8
Cost - $425.00 - 2" B&B

Sourwood (Oxydendrum arboreum) - A slow growing tree, the sourwood has a pyramidal shape and bark with a checkerboard-like appearance, due to its variations in color.

Height 30
Foliage Yellow, Red, and Purple
Sun Moderate
Water Moderate
Soil Acidic
Zones - 4 through 8
Cost - $30.00 1.5" B&B

Chinese Elm (Ulmus parvifolia) - Also known as the Lacebark Elm, this tree is resistant to many diseases, the lacebark elm grows to a maximum height of 50 feet and has an equally expansive spread

Height 50
Foliage Yellow and purple
Sun Excessive
Water Moderate
Soil Acidic
Zones - 4 through 10
Cost - 1' - 2' seedlings: 1 for $9.95 or 12 for $64.08

 

Weeping Willow (Salix babylonica)- This tree has dark gray bark and is capable of growing in many types of soils. This tree Salix babylonica - weeping willowis just as wide as it is tall.  It is best used at shorelines or stream banks.  This tree originated in China.

 

Height- 30 to 50

Foliage- green

Sun- bright, excessive

Water- moderate to high

Soil- almost all soils except dry

Zones- 4 through 9

Cost- 6 to 8 tall - $125

          8 to 10 tall - $185

 

 

 

Lombardy Poplar - shpd.bareroot - 1-2'

Lombardy Poplar (Populus nigra)- This is an extremely fast-growing tree.  In fact, it can reach heights of 20 and a width of 15 in only 3 years.  It is best used as a windbreak.

 

Height- 50 to 75

Foliage- Bright green

Sun- Moderate

Water- High requirement

Soil- Silty and alkaline

Zones- 3 through 8

Cost- (25) 1 to 2 tall trees- $45

          (50) 1 to 2 tall trees- $55

          (3) 4 to 6 tall trees- $45

          (10) 4 to 6 tall trees- $150

          (20) 4 to 6 tall trees- $300 

 

Bald Cypress

 

Height - 40

Spread - 10-12

Foliage - Dark Green, Brown

Sun - Full

Water - Moderate

Soil - Sand, Loam, Clay

Zones - 4 through 9

Cost - 1 2 seedlings: 1 for $9.95 or 12 for $49.95

 

Pin Oak - This is a fairly fast growing tree, as it can reach a height of 12 to 15 feet in only five to seven years.

 

Height - 70

Spread - 10-12

Foliage - Dark Green

Sun - Full

Water - Moderate

Soil - Clay, Loam

Zones - 4 through 9

Cost - 1 2 seedlings: 1 for $9.95 or 12 for $49.95

 

Poplar Hybrid

 

 

Poplar Hybrid - barerootHeight - 75'

Foliage - Green

Water - Large amounts until full grown

Soil - Sandy, Loam

Zones - 2 through 9

Cost -2' - 3' seedlings - 25 for $89.95

          4' - 6' transplants - 3 for $45.00

          4' - 6' transplants - 10 for $150.00

          4' - 6' transplants - 20 for $300.00

 

Green Ash (Fraxinus Pennsylvanica)

Green Ash - fraxinus pennsylvanica

Height - 75'

Foliage - Dark Green

Water - Moderate

Soil - Alkali

Zones - 3 through 8

Cost -1' - 2' seedlings - 25 for $45.00

          1' - 2' seedlings - 50 for $55.00 

          1' - 2' seedlings - 100 for $95.00

 

 

Hackberry (Celtis Hackberry - shpd.bareroot - 1-2' - Celtis occidentocecidentalis)

 

Height - 75' - 100'

Foliage - Yellow-green

Water - Low

Soil - Alkali

Zones - 3 through 8

Cost -1' - 2' seedlings - 25 for $45.00

          1' - 2' seedlings - 50 for $55.00 

          1' - 2' seedlings - 100 for $95.00

 

Osage orange (Maclura pomifera) - This is a hardy tree that is easily grown. One interesting fact about this tree is that it grows a yellow-green, non-edible fruit.  This fruit is known as the hedge apple. 

Height- 60

Foliage- green

Sun- full

Water- high

Soil- sandy, loam, alkaline

Zones- 5 through 9

Cost- $25 for a 3 seedling

 

Black Locust (Robinia Pseudoacacia) - This tree has a white, pink or snowy colored flower.

Height- 40

Foliage- green (white, pink or/and snowy flowers)

Sun- full

Water- moderate to high

Soil- normal, sandy and loam

Zones- 4 through 10

Cost- One 3 to 5- $7.95

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow Poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera) - This species of tree also goes by the name of tulip poplar and is a very popular, and beautiful tree.

Height- 80

Foliage- green

Sun- full

Water- moderate

Soil- sandy, loam

Zones- 3 through 8

Cost- One 1 to 2- $8

 

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Landscape Architecture

 

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For a more comprehensive database of trees and shrubs, visit the horticulture department at the University of Connecticut